With the debate intensifying over raising the debt limit and cutting federal spending, all eyes are on the GOP. Many conservatives are arguing that Republicans must give in to President Obama’s desire for elimination of tax loopholes on corporate taxpayers and other reforms that could raise taxes on the American people. The mantra of the Republications is quite simple: spending is the problem and there is no need for revenue increases (read tax hikes).
Democrats on the other hand claim that certain programs are untouchable such as Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security. Thus, the proposals outlined to cut $2-4 trillion from the Federal budget over the next decade must leave these entitlements alone. These conflicting philosophical positions continue to arise: cutting spending and the size of government alone or continue the course by raising more revenue? Should Congress agree to spending cuts AND tax increases in order to make a deal and act before the August 2 deadline to raise the debt ceiling? David Brooks of the New York Times recently wrote cutting a deal is the “mother of all no-brainers.” Others are claiming that certainly the wealthiest Americans can afford tax increases (yet these increases are always couched as “allowing the Bush tax cuts expire”). Consequently, the debate ensues and each side, Republicans and Democrats alike, are blaming each other for the pending default if a deal on the debt ceiling is not reached.
Again Americans are experiencing the tension between politics and economics that is as familiar as a thunderstorm on a hot summer evening. The political process creates incentives for spending and compromise while the economics reflects an unsustainable budget shortfall that has implications that are not fully known. The easy solution is to make a deal, raise the debt limit, and spend tax payer and borrowed dollars to oblivion. Thus, the debate is one of principles that are on very different poles: limited government and incentives push to market participants versus government solutions to basic economic problems with little to discipline political actors.
The debt ceiling is the only tool left that provides for the possibility of fiscal discipline by politicians. In the past, raising the debt ceiling has been a relatively simple policy option for a spendthrift Congress. Yet, with the election of conservative Republicans in November 2010 there is a new push toward actually maintaining a principled position regardless of the political cost. Many Republicans see this issue as that is, spending billions over budget, controlled by special interests, and taking control of the very market incentives that drive economic growth. Why should high income earners pay higher tax rates (either via marginal rate increases or lost deductions) simply to fund programs that are inefficiently administered via the federal government? Or to put it more clearly, why are Democrats set on maintaining or growing the current federal budget?
These are the questions that must be asked long before the question of “should the Republicans make a deal?” According to those close to the debate, the big concern is that failing to raise the debt ceiling could likely lead to skyrocketing interest rates and a plummeting dollar. Hence, the President and his party are characterizing the Republicans as willing to sacrifice economic stability for wealthy tax breaks. Once again, this myopic view of the economy is endemic within the political process. Obama is looking to the 2012 campaign and many in Congress are doing the same, yet the discussion of core principles must remain in this debate. Any compromise at this point, as obvious as it may seem to some, is tantamount to once again throwing away all the economics for politics alone. In congressional districts throughout the county, a majority of voters spoke loudly last November saying that they wanted a principled position on tax and spend policies to re-enter the political process. Many Americans are tired of the bickering over billions when they have made significant cuts in their own budgets. It is time for Congress to stop pandering to the few and start worrying about spending less for the entire country.